Frozen shoulder, also known as adhesive capsulitis, is a condition characterized by stiffness and pain in the shoulder joint. It typically develops gradually over time and can be quite debilitating. The exact cause of frozen shoulder is not always clear, but it often occurs following a period of immobilization or lack of use of the shoulder joint, such as after surgery or injury. Other risk factors include diabetes, thyroid disorders, and certain autoimmune conditions.

The main symptoms of frozen shoulder include:

  1. Pain: Persistent pain in the shoulder joint, especially with movement.
  2. Stiffness: Difficulty moving the shoulder joint, particularly in certain directions.
  3. Limited range of motion: Decreased ability to move the shoulder through its full range of motion.

Treatment for frozen shoulder usually involves a combination of pain management, physical therapy, and in some cases, medication or injections to reduce inflammation. Physical therapy exercises are aimed at improving flexibility and range of motion in the shoulder joint. In severe cases where conservative treatments are ineffective, surgical intervention may be necessary to release the tight capsule surrounding the shoulder joint.

It’s important for individuals experiencing symptoms of frozen shoulder to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan. Early intervention can help prevent further stiffness and improve outcomes. (


At Pan Thai Massage, we provide custom therapeutic pain relief and rehabilitation massage therapy. Based on your body’s condition, purpose of getting massage and daily activities. We take time to study your habits and determine the massage technics, level of pressure and motion that best suit you.